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Sampieri A; Santoyo K; Asanov A; Vaca L (2018)

ASSOCIATION OF THE IP3R TO STIM1 PROVIDES A REDUCED INTRALUMINAL CALCIUM MICROENVIRONMENT, RESULTING IN ENHANCED STORE-OPERATED CALCIUM ENTRY

Scientific Reports 8(1):
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© 2018, The Author(s). The involvement of inositol trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) in modulating store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) was established many years ago. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism responsible for this observation has not been elucidated to this date. In the present study we show that IP3R associates to STIM1 upon depletion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by activation of the inositol trisphosphate signaling cascade via G-protein coupled receptors. IP3R-STIM1 association results in enhanced STIM1 puncta formation and larger Orai-mediated whole-cell currents as well as increased calcium influx. Depleting the ER with a calcium ATPase inhibitor (thapsigargin, TG) does not induce IP3R-STIM1 association, indicating that this association requires an active IP3R. The IP3R-STIM1 association is only observed after IP3R activation, as evidenced by FRET experiments and co-immunoprecipitation assays. ER intraluminal calcium measurements using Mag-Fluo-4 showed enhanced calcium depletion when IP3R is overexpressed. A STIM1-GCaMP fusion protein indicates that STIM1 detects lower calcium concentrations near its EF-hand domain when IP3R is overexpressed when compared with the fluorescence reported by a GCaMP homogenously distributed in the ER lumen (ER-GCaMP). All these data together strongly suggest that activation of inositol trisphosphate signaling cascade induces the formation of the IP3R-STIM1 complex. The activated IP3R provides a reduced intraluminal calcium microenvironment near STIM1, resulting in enhanced activation of Orai currents and SOCE.