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Perez-Gonzalez, Caleb; Domenzain, Clelia; Poggio, Sebastian; Gonzalez-Halphen, Diego; Dreyfus, Georges; Camarena, Laura (2019)

CHARACTERIZATION OF FLGP, AN ESSENTIAL PROTEIN FOR FLAGELLAR ASSEMBLY IN RHODOBACTER SPHAEROIDES

J. Bacteriol. 201(5):
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The flagellar lipoprotein FlgP has been identified in several species of bacteria, and its absence provokes different phenotypes. In this study, we show that in the alphaproteobacterium , a Δ mutant is unable to assemble the hook and the filament. In contrast, the membrane/supramembrane (MS) ring and the flagellar rod appear to be assembled. In the absence of FlgP a severe defect in the transition from rod to hook polymerization occurs. In agreement with this idea, we noticed a reduction in the amount of intracellular flagellin and the chemotactic protein CheY4, both encoded by genes dependent on σ This suggests that in the absence of the switch to export the anti-sigma factor, FlgM, does not occur. The presence of FlgP was detected by Western blot in samples of isolated wild-type filament basal bodies, indicating that FlgP is an integral part of the flagellar structure. In this regard, we show that FlgP interacts with FlgH and FlgT, indicating that FlgP should be localized closely to the L and H rings. We propose that FlgP could affect the architecture of the L ring, which has been recently identified to be responsible for the rod-hook transition. Flagellar based motility confers a selective advantage on bacteria by allowing migration to favorable environments or in pathogenic species to reach the optimal niche for colonization. The flagellar structure has been well established in However, other accessory components have been identified in other species. Many of these have been implied in adapting the flagellar function to enable faster rotation, or higher torque. FlgP has been proposed to be the main component of the basal disk located underlying the outer membrane in and Its role is still unclear, and its absence impacts motility differently in different species. The study of these new components will bring a better understanding of the evolution of this complex organelle.