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Cid-Castro, Carolina; Hernandez-Espinosa, Diego Rolando; Moran, Julio (2018)

ROS AS REGULATORS OF MITOCHONDRIAL DYNAMICS IN NEURONS

Cell. Mol. Neurobiol. 38(5):995-1007
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Mitochondrial dynamics is a complex process, which involves the fission and fusion of mitochondrial outer and inner membranes. These processes organize the mitochondrial size and morphology, as well as their localization throughout the cells. In the last two decades, it has become a spotlight due to their importance in the pathophysiological processes, particularly in neurological diseases. It is known that Drp1, mitofusin 1 and 2, and Opa1 constitute the core of proteins that coordinate this intricate and dynamic process. Likewise, changes in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) lead to modifications in the expression and/or activity of the proteins implicated in the mitochondrial dynamics, suggesting an involvement of these molecules in the process. In this review, we discuss the role of ROS in the regulation of fusion/fission in the nervous system, as well as the involvement of mitochondrial dynamics proteins in neurodegenerative diseases.