Silver, especially nanostructured silver, has been found to exhibit antimicrobial properties by disrupting the function of bacterial cell walls. Nonetheless, strains of bacteria have been reported to resist silver nanoparticles. The highly efficient mutational mechanisms of bacteria, capable of overcoming modern antimicrobial compounds, make it critical to develop new materials that target genetic material, regardless of nucleotide sequence or protein structure, without being toxic to the patient. This work evaluates the microbicidal properties of a catalytic, nanostructured, organically functionalized, titanosilicate matrix (bionanocatalysts) impregnated with silver. The bionanocatalysts were synthesized by the sol-gel method using silver acetate as the silver precursor. The effect of the bionanocatalysts against clinically important strains of bacteria and yeasts was evaluated. In addition, the physicochemical composition and in vitro reactivity on DNA were studied. The antibiogram analysis revealed that the compound could inhibit the growth (inhibition halos of up to 15 ± 0.9 mm) of all the strains studied (bacteria and yeasts) at low concentrations of silver, thus reducing the toxicity associated with platinum. In this work, by adding silver in the catalytic TiO-SiO matrix, the intrinsic microbicidal properties of the metal were enhanced: the results provided a valuable compound exhibiting reduced toxicity and antimicrobial effects that could potentially be used as a potent disinfectant against drug-resistant strains, as found in hospitals, for instance.
Última actualización: 01/07/2022