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Zarate-Romero, Andres; Stojanoff, Vivian; Cohen, Aina E; Hansberg, Wilhelm; Rudino-Pinera, Enrique (2019)

X-RAY DRIVEN REDUCTION OF CPD I OF CATALASE-3 FROM N. CRASSA REVEALS DIFFERENTIAL SENSITIVITY OF ACTIVE SITES AND FORMATION OF FERROUS STATE

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 666():107-115
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Catalases are biotechnologically relevant enzymes because of their applications in food technology, bioremediation, and biomedicine. The dismutation of hydrogen peroxide occurs in two steps; in the first one, the enzyme forms an oxidized compound I (Cpd I) and in the second one, the enzyme is reduced to the ferric state. In this research work, we analyzed the reduction of Cpd I by X-ray radiation damage during diffraction experiments in crystals of CAT-3, a Large-Size Subunit Catalase (LSC) from Neurospora crassa. A Multi-Crystal Data collection Strategy was applied in order to obtain the Cpd I structure at a resolution of 2.2 Å; this intermediate was highly sensitive to X-ray and was easily reduced at very low deposited radiation dose, causing breakage of the Fe=O bond. The comparison of the structures showed reduced intermediates and also evidenced the differential sensitivity per monomer. The resting ferric state was reduced to the ferrous state, an intermediate without a previous report in LSC. The chemically obtained Cpd I and the X-ray reduced intermediates were identified by UV-visible microspectrometry coupled to data collection. The differential sensitivity and the formation of a ferrous state are discussed, emphasizing the importance of the correct interpretation in the oxidation state of the iron heme.