Sarcopenia is a syndrome that leads to physical disability and that deteriorates elderly people´s life quality. The etiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, but mitochondrial dysfunction plays a paramount role in this pathology. Our research group has shown that the combined treatment of metformin (MTF) and exercise has beneficial effects for preventing muscle loss and fat accumulation, by modulating the redox state. To get an insight into the mechanism of the combined treatment, the mitochondrial bioenergetics was studied in the mitochondria isolated from old female Wistar rats quadriceps muscles. The animals were divided into six groups; three performed exercise on a treadmill for 5 days/week for 20 months, and the other three were sedentary. Also, two groups of each were treated with MTF for 6 or 12 months. The rats were euthanized at 24 months. The mitochondria were isolated and supercomplexes formation along with oxygen consumption, ATP synthesis, and ROS generation were evaluated. Our results showed that the combined treatment for 12 months increased the complex I and IV activities associated with the supercomplexes, simultaneously, ATP synthesis increased while ROS production decreased, indicating a tightly coupled mitochondria. The role of exercise plus the MTF treatment against sarcopenia in old muscles is discussed.
Última actualización: 19/08/2022